Monday, 6 January 2014

Top 10 Largest Databases in the World:-

Through your life, you may have come across some very large collections. These collections can vary from things that you use in your day to day life to things such as stones or even bugs. You also might have met with some of the organizations having large databases like Google and Facebook who are nearing to a billion users.

1. The World Data Centre for Climate: 
With a massive 220 terabytes of data, it’s the World Data Centre for Climate (WDCC) who bags the coveted number one spot in our list that features top 10 largest databases across the globe. WDCC, operated by the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology and German Climate Computing Centre, also are the proud owners of a supercomputer worth 35 million Euros. Excluding the 220 terabyte, which are accessible across the web; the WDCC also has an additional 110 terabytes of data that are mainly used for climate simulation and 6 petabytes of extra data’s that are stored in magnetic tapes for easy access. 

2. National Energy Research Scientific computing Center: 
The National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) based in Oakland, California has a unique kind of database that non others can even think of. The NERSC database comprises a mammoth 2.8 petabytes of information that vary from atomic energy research, high energy physics experiments to simulations of our early universe. The NERSC which are owned and operated by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the U.S Department of Energy, has the second largest database in the world with a whole lot of information that are handled by a minimum of 2,000 computational scientists. 

3. AT&T: 
One of the oldest telecommunication companies, the American based AT&T has one of the largest databases. The company boasts that they have the largest volume of data in one unique database. Also AT&T has one of the largest database with most number of rows (around 1.9 Trillion), second to Sprint. It’s said that AT&T has been recording the details of callers long before terabytes storing came into market. 

4. Google: 
The giants in internet searching- Google bags the number 4th spot in top 10 largest databases. Although the exact size of Google’s database is unknown, it’s said that Google accounts every single search that makes each day into its database which is around 91 million searches per day. Google stores every search and makes patterns from previous searches so that the user can be easily directed. Google also collects information of their users and stores them as entries in their database which is said to expand over 33 trillion entries. On top of that Google has simply expanded their database with Gmail and Google ads and with their acquisitions like YouTube. 

5. Sprint: 
One of the largest telecommunication providers, Sprint bags the number 5th spot with its immense and ever growing database. One of the largest mobile service providers with around 53 million subscribers, Sprint offers local and long distance land line offerings. It’s said that Sprint’s database records more than 365 million call detail per day. Sprint is also proud owner of the database with most number of insertions. According to reports the database spreads over 2.85 trillion rows. During peak hours, it’s said that this database records around 70,000 calls per second. 

6. LexisNexis: 
If you are unknown to the company LexisNexis, then you are sure to jump from your seats when you hear that the next database once belonged to Choicepoint. A billion page information book, that’s Choicepoint, which was bought by LexisNexis in 2008. This extensive database contains information on around 250 million people of American population. The information varies from addresses, phone numbers, driving records, criminal histories and even DNA data. It’s believed that LexisNexis holds nearly of 250 terabytes of personal data. 

7. Youtube: 
The owners of the largest online video library- YouTube is our number 7 candidate in our top 10 databases across the world. Reports say that about a 100 million videos are watched in YouTube which is about 60% of the overall number of videos watched online. Still the Wall Street Journal in 2006 reported that YouTube’s database features around 45 Terabytes of data. 45 terabytes won’t sound like a large number but when you consider that around 65,000 new videos are being posted daily in YouTube, just think of the database that they now are having. 

8. Amazon: 
With a massive 59 million active customers and more than 42 terabytes of data, it’s Amazon that races itself to the number 8thspot in our top 10 databases. World’s largest retail store, Amazon has huge collection of data that includes general information like phone number and address to receipts and wishlists and any sort of data that the website can extract from its users as they are logged on. It’s said that Amazon has a mass collection of 250,000 full text books which are available online. No wonder Amazon is considered as the world’s largest online community as users can interact and comment virtually on every page of this website. 

9. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA): 
An agency that had been collecting and distributing information’s on people, countries and facts- it’s the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) who is at the number 9th spot of largest databases across the globe. Although the exact size of the database are yet to be disclosed, it’s believed that the CIA is said to have a massive database as they have been collecting information from both private and public sectors. Parts of this information are available to the public through the Electronic Reading Room and The World Fact Book. Reports say that 100 FOIA (Freedom of Information Act items) are added each month along with statistics on more than 250 countries and their entities which includes information ranging from nuclear developments to the type of beer being used during the Korean War. 

10. Library of Congress: 
Research library of the United States Congress or the de facto national library- it’s the Library of Congress that finds its ideal 10th spot in the listing of top 10 largest databases in the world. Ranging from 130 million items from little story books to newspapers-old and new, and to U.S Government proceedings, the Liberty of Congress (LC) owns a proud collection that not even the digital age can’t match up. It’s said that the text portion of LC would take up of 20 Terabytes of data. With an expansion rate of 10,000 per day, the LC spreads out in a massive 530 miles of shelf space. It’s said that the LC is the ideal place for information’s that aren’t found on the internet. 

Note: Information  taken from net..


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